Difference between revisions of "Category:FAQ"

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'''Other languages:''' [[:Category:Pytania|Polski (pl)]] [[:Category:Perguntas|Portuguese (pt_BR)]] [[Category:Categories]] [[Category:EN]]
 
'''Other languages:''' [[:Category:Pytania|Polski (pl)]] [[:Category:Perguntas|Portuguese (pt_BR)]] [[Category:Categories]] [[Category:EN]]
 
==Configuration==
 
 
* Where are the preferences located?
 
** On Linux: <code>/home/<user>/.scribus</code>
 
** On Mac OS X: <code>/Users/<user>/Library/Preferences/Scribus</code>
 
** On OS/2 and eComStation: <code>%HOME%\.scribus</code>
 
** On Windows 2000, XP and 2003: <code>C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\.scribus</code>
 
** On Windows Vista and 7: <code>C:\Users\<user>\.scribus</code>
 
  
 
==GUI / Interface==
 
==GUI / Interface==

Revision as of 21:15, 5 January 2011

Other languages: Polski (pl) Portuguese (pt_BR)

GUI / Interface

Errors

  • On Windows, you may not be able to see the page or the buttons. Please make sure:
    • that you're not using third party Windows themes. Lots of those themes are broken and show similar behavior with other applications. You have to disable those themes in Control Panel > Display Properties > Themes and/or Appeareance.
    • that your display is set to use 32 bit depth: Control Panel > Display Properties > Settings – set display bit depth to 32 bit

Languages and Translation

Q A
How do I switch the language of the Scribus interface? Scribus picks up your environment language automatically. If you want to use another language for your GUI, just go the menu File > Preferences, and in the "General" section set the language you prefer.
I want to add a translation for my language for Scribus. Where can I get more info? We have written a Scribus Translation Howto. Translating Scribus into your language is not difficult and does not need programming experience. If in doubt, contact one of the developers listed in Help > About.

Input

Images

When you put an image in an image frame, Scribus will load that file into RAM (chip memory). Thus, if you have many large images in your document, loading may take very long and consume lots of memory, which can slow down your system. A possible solution to the loading issue is to reduce the image preview resolution for your document: Go to File > Document Setup > Tools, and click on the image frame icon (second from top). In the "Images" dialog, set "On Screen Preview" to "Low Resolution Preview", and click "OK". Note that you can also change the resolution for individual image frames from their context menu. In the context menu you can even switch off the preview of the image.

A large document with many high-resolution images may exhaust your RAM. Once you completely fill that up, along with any swap space, Scribus may freeze or crash. Here are some pointers:

  • Use an image editor to crop images to the section that you actually want to use in the image frame, then use that smaller file.
  • Decrease the resolution/size of the image file itself. For most printing targets 300 dpi is a good idea, whereas higher resolutions rarely make sense.
  • If you create a PDF for the web, much lower resolutions are recommended, e.g, 72-90 dpi, since monitors don't have a higher resolution and the files will be significantly smaller.
  • Use a computer with enough memory for your work. As a rule of thumb, there's only one thing better than a lot of RAM: even more RAM.
  • If you are making a large document with a large number of high-res images, you can manage by breaking up your work into 20-30 page sections, making PDFs of the sections, then joining them together with a program such as pdftk.

Text

  • You can import Openoffice.org .odt files. Scribus will recognize most text formatting options and style sheets, and you can decide how Scribus will handle style sheet during import.
  • You can directly import Microsoft Word (.doc) documents, but you will lose all formatting. You better use Openoffice.org and save the document in the .odt format.
  • Microsoft RTF documents can't be read from Scribus: you should use Openoffice.org to convert them to .odt or save them in the .doc format from Microsoft Word.
  • For the use of customtext filters see: Using the Text Filter.

PDF

Q: A:
Can Scribus 1.3.3.x import an existing pdf form and add fillable fields to it? No, Scribus can import PDF, but they are imported as images currently. The only way to edit a PDF form is with Adobe Acrobat full version. Scribus can create PDF forms without a problem and it is very versatile.
Can Scribus 1.3.3.x import the .ps file from which an existing pdf was created (with Ghostscript)? Scribus can import a wide variety of EPS and PS files with most content imported as native Scribus objects.

Importing files from other programs

OpenOffice.org

You can import the content of .odt files into text frames. Text formatting and style sheet will be kept, but not tables, footnotes or images.

Microsoft Word

You can import text from .doc files into text frames, but you will lose all formatting and style sheet. If you want to keep them, you should convert your files to the OpenDocument file format (*odt).

Adobe InDesign

An import filter for InDesign IDML files has been added to the experimental 1.5svn version, but it can't be backported to 1.3.8+.

Quark Xpress

An import filter for XPress Tag files (*.xtg) has been added to the experimental 1.5svn version, but it can't be backported to 1.3.8+.

Microsoft Publisher

Databases

Q A
I have an ACCESS database to organize courses of our school. Twice a year we export the data to csv and mail them to our printing office to print an infomation folder.Now I want to simplify this process, make the design myself with scribus and send only the finished PDF file. Is it possible to set placeholders in scribus and the informations where filled in by CSV or any other database? You can try: Laying_out_articles and Auto-formating_paragraphs_during_text_file_imports.

Editing

Creating documents

Books

You can manage the following issues:

  • Currently, Scribus isn't very good at handling documents that are longer than 30 pages. You should split your work into several Scribus documents, export each of them to PDF and then join them into a single PDF file, for example, with pdftk.
  • You can set the value for the first page number or change the page numbering scheme in a document (see: Pagination).
  • You can create text frames that are automatically linked/chained when you create a new document.

But not these:

  • You can't create a multi-level table of contents (TOC).
  • You can't automatically create a table of contents over several files.
  • You shouldn't make long chains of text frames, as this will slow down Scribus significantly.
  • Index and footnotes aren't available, yet.

Flyers

Create a file of the size of the whole flyer and use guides to separate the different "columns". (more...)

Typical errors

  • If you're using Windows and have a custom theme installed, you won't get any new page displayed when creating a new document: use the default Win theme or "Classic", and everything will work fine

Page formatting

Q A
How can I set the format of a new document? When creating a new document you can choose a "Document Layout": in most cases you can safely ignore this option (it will only affect the way the document is shown on screen). You certainly don't need it if you are trying to create a flyer or a leaflet! (more...)
Can I change paper size once page has been created? Scribus 1.3.1+ has this feature.

Page numbers

Q A
Why is Insert > Character > Page number grayed out? In order to insert a page number character into a text frame, you have to be in edit mode (using the "Edit content of frame" icon on the toolbar, double-clicking the frame, or by entering the Story Editor.
Why do I only see page numbers up to 9? In the 1.3.3.x versions of Scribus you have to insert as many page number characters as there are digits in the page number (e.g. ## for the pages from 10 to 99).
How can I add page numbers automatically? I cannot get the page number (ctrl+#) to work. Automatic Page Numbering is done via Page Templates. Edit Template. Then draw a text frame. Then # for one digit ## for 2. Save Template. Then they should show up on the page. Note: US Keyboards will not work with this shortcut, so remapping in Tools > Preferences is recommended. Also for more info see: Automatic Page Numbering.

How can I do Pagination?

There is no single "pagination" concept in DTP. Yet, the word is used often and can have several meanings:

  • If you want to add page numbering, see the page number howto.
  • If you want to impose the pages you have created with Scribus, please have a look at the howtos about imposition.
  • If you want to layout several pages on one Scribus page, please think again. There are some exceptions to this rule, like creating a threefold brochure.
  • If you want to create some pages and let text flow from page to page, you can learn more about this issue by reading the Scribus tutorial.

Bleed

Q A
How do you make bleed (for printing) in scribus? I'm currently migrating to Scribus from Comercial DTP, and got a little confused with document bleed. See: Bleed_workarounds

Paragraph formatting

Character formatting

Writing Text

  • Why can I type some glyphs / letters in the Story Editor but they don't show up on the Canvas nor in the PDF generated by Scribus?

The story editor is still able to show more glyphs than scribus can handle. The fact is, that the story editor does not enforce the typographic quality of the glyphs and just delegates to Qt their visualization.
so, the fact that the story editor can show some characters, does not mean anything about scribus being able to display the glyphs themselves.

Language

  • The hyphenation language can be choosen in the "Hyphenation" section of the menu File > Preferences.
  • The language for the spell checker (if available in your Scribus version) can be selected in a character style.

Colors

Q A
Why are there so few solid colors available?
  • The easiest way to add colors is by creating the colors you need in Edit > Colors.
  • You can import colors from other Scribus documents or palette files.
  • If you want to select another default palette with pre-defined colors, you have to close all documents and choose one in the Edit > Colors dialog.
Color Management Does not appear in the menu. This problem should not appear as long as Scribus is compiled with littlecms support.

Any addtional profiles you want to make available should either be installed as follows:

Linux: $home/.color/icc or /usr/share/color/icc

MacOSX: put them in the correct system folder with the rest of the colorsync profiles.

Win32(Windows 2000, XP) \WINNT\System32\Spool\Color

You need a minimum of 1 RGB color space icc profile and 1 CMYK icc color space profile for the color managment options to be enabled. Realistically, correct usage will require several profiles; Ideally, you will have a set of profiles which includes one for your monitor, one for the images and any scanner or input device profiles and profiles for your printer or output device.

To get started, get a set of generic pre-press profiles here: AdobeICCProfiles.zip

Then unzip these into a single directory,as noted above.

The restart Scribus and you should be able to enable color management from the preferences menu.

See the details in Color Management for Scribus for links and info about color profiles.

Fonts

Loading fonts

  • For a list of good font resources see Where can I get good fonts?.
  • Scribus will automatically discard fonts that may cause problems in offset printing.
Q A
I'm using Linotype Fontexplorer X as font management tool. Will Scribus support activation and deactivation with this tool? There are no plans to and Scribus comes with the ability to add font paths independent of the operating system making this somewhat redundant.
Why do other applications show more variations of fonts than Scribus, like Bold and Italic. Scribus does not have these font style buttons, why? Someone called these "evil" on the #scribus IRC channel. They were right...There are two types of styled
  • A true font variant which is derived from a real separate font file.
  • A font style, eg italic, created from a base font using a mathematical transformation created by an application. This can be done within other applications, but for DTP and commerical printing, this causes many problems.

Scribus supports the first case 100%. The second can be poisonous in PostScript and PDF. Pre-press operators and printers have been known to fume and curse vigourously at two well known DTP applications that create these "artificial styles"

There is a feature request to make this a bit more transparent to end users and will be added in a future version of Scribus.

Can I use CJK (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) fonts in Scribus ? See: [1].
How do i get arabic text to display correctly with proper gylph shaping and rtl text direction, the most i can get out of scribues right now are rtl text with no gylph shaping? The glyph shaping is a very difficult thing to achieve, we don't yet support it, but this feature is being worked on right now (Dec 2010).

Embedding and vectorizing fonts

see the section on PDF output.

PDF

Q A
Can I edit PDF files with Scribus? No.

PDF as file format was never ever meant to editable in the conventional sense. Internally it is non-linear in layout and is optimised for compactness. It is better to think of PDF as electronic paper which is printed. You cannot 'unprint' paper easily can you ?

There are o­nly two applications which can "edit" PDF. Enfocus Pit Stop Pro and Quite.com's Box of Tricks are special pre-press plugins for Acrobat Pro. Using these is best if you have a fair amount of knowledge about pre-press and PDF.

See: http://rants.scribus.net/2006/12/10/pdf-surgery/

Is Scribus capable of reading and combining separate pdf files into a single file (for example including documents as attachments in the end of an article)? No, Scribus can import PDF files within image frames via Ghostscript. There are other tools to handle this such as pdftk and multivalent.

Tables

Q A
How do get I formatted tables in Scribus? Scribus added basic table support in 1.1.6

See: Importing Tables from Open Office.

Output

PDF

  • The PDFs generated by Scribus are of very high quality and should never be a problem when delivered to a print shop.
  • Bugs related to the PDF generation are treated with very high priority by the Scribus team.
Q A
Are there preferred viewers for veiwing Scribus exported PDF? Yes, definitely.

Recommended:

1. Adobe Reader 5.0.10+

2. GSview

3. KPDF

Not recommended:

gv.ggv,gpdf,ghostview


Please see: http://docs.scribus.net/index.php?lang=en&page=pdfexport1

When i create a doc and export it to pdf format, can someone with a full version of Acrobat edit the PDF? Is there something I need to do in order for this to be allowed? You can edit PDF with sometimes very limited ability in increasing order of capabilities.

1) Adobe Illustrator can edit single page PDF and usually has no issues opening a Scribus PDF in my experience. Issues: Font substitutions when opening saving.

2) Full Acrobat Professional 5+. Note Acrobat 5.0.5 sometimes will give an "unable to parse" error with some Scribus PDFs. We believe this is an Acrobat 5.0.5 bug. Acrobat 6.0+ does not give this message. Issues: Sometimes text is not easy to edit and is not recommended. Extracting images or vectors is not an issue.

3) Acrobat Professional Add ons - The two best known are PitStop or Quite a Box of Tricks to truly edit parts of a PDF. These are specialist pre-press tools which are focused on pre-flight and adjustment of PDFs for commerical printing.

That said, PDF was never intended to be an 'editable' format, but a final 'electronic paper' format. Except for pre-press work, planning on a document workflow based on PDF editing is surely frustrating and takes some knowledge of the non-linear format of PDF internally.

Lastly, you need not do anything special, except not encrypt it.

What is the difference between PDF 1.3, PDF 1.4,1.5 and the recently released PDF 1.6? PDF 1.2 = Acrobat 3.0 - relatively obsolete now

PDF 1.3 = Acrobat 4.0 - The first version of PDF which truly had all the needed features to support "press-ready" PDF's including color managment, ICC profiles etc. It also added javascript, interactive and multimedia capabilities. This standard is probably the safest to send if you are unsure of the capabilities of the receiver of your file. PDF/X-3 and a number of commercial print work flows are based on PDF 1.3.

PDF 1.4 = Acrobat 5.0 - Actually, introduced with Illustrator 9, The main difference to concern Scribus users is PDF 1.4, has both transparency and alpha transparency capabilites, which make a major difference in where a PDF with these features can be printed. It takes wither the latest commerical RIP's or a Level 3 Postscript printer to use these features properly. The latest versions of Ghostscript suport the advanced PDF 1.4 features Scribus can create when exporting PDF.

PDF 1.5 = Acrobat 6.0 - The release of PDF 1.5 specs to accompanied the release of Acrobat 6. Among the most interesting for Scribus users: many improvements for "press-ready" PDF, the capability to have true layering within the PDF, PDF-X "pre-flight" capability, more security and interactive features, like the ability to add comments which are separate from the original doc.

PDF 1.6 = Acrobat 7.0 - Closely models the PDF 1.5 spec with more digitial security,multimedia and workflow features. Unfortuntately, few viewers or printers can support the latest two PDF specs.

PDF/X

  • Supported versions: PDF/X-3 (1.3.3.x and 1.3.8+), PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-4 (1.5svn only, no backport possible).
  • ICC profiles must be installed.
  • You have to enable color management.
  • You have to fill the "info string" in the "Pre-Press" tab of the PDF export dialog.

Forms

Basically, forms created by Scribus can be filled with Acrobat Reader and Okular.

Embedding and/or outlining fonts

  • Scribus will try to embed your fonts when exporting to PDF.
  • Fonts with more than 2048 glyphs will be automatically converted to outlines to reduce the size of the PDF. This font-specific setting can be changed in Preferences > Fonts by unchecking the "Subset" option for a font.

Printing

Q A
Why don't images do not print on a HP LaserJet 1xxx series printer from within Scribus or from exported ps/pdf files, but can be viewed in pdfs?
  • One workaround is to export your document to PDF then load it into AcrobatReader and print at PS level 2.
  • Another solution is to create a non postscriptprinter (E.g. for a HP LJ 1300 series a printer was set up in CUPS thatup ashplj with lj5gray printer). That works for some apps/docs, too. In general,create a ps2 level printer. Make sure you use the PPD file from the windowsdriver package instead of the cups/foomatic one. You will get better results during the conversion.
  • The reason is Scribus is generating PS3 level objects which the PS interpreteris unable to understand. This is a frequent issue with Black and White laser jets when printing fromDesktop Publishing Apps - I've seen this with LJ4 and 5, as well as newer HP2xxx printers with Pagemaker, Quark Xpress and Indesign.
How do you get printer to print on a non standard size page? It depends:
  1. If you are printing to a local printer which is *not* a postscript printer, but using CUPS, you can't. It is a limitation, as far as we can tell of CUPS.
  2. If you have a "real" postscript printer, Scribus - with CUPS support - will support any arbitrary page size, as long as the printer support it.

Scripting / Command line

  • You can write Python scripts which will run inside Scribus.
  • If you have questions about scripting you should post them to the mailing list or join the Scribus IRC channel.

Workflows and Collaboration

Q A
When I email Scribus .sla documents to others, they have trouble opening them. How do I fix this? Some have noted, some mailers add extra lines to the Scribus doc. Saving as a compressed sla.gz seems to fix this. Plus, Scribus files compress very well.
So, how can I work with others who might have other DTP applications? Use EPS, SVG or PDF as an exchange format. Scribus created PDF files can be easily imported into a number of commercial applications. SVG import is excellent for vector artwork. Scribus can import EPS files as long as they are conforming to the specs - this includes spot colors in DCS 2.0 files. The documentation has detailed notes covering these subjects. You can also improve EPS import by ensuring you have the newest Ghostscript installed.

Getting additional help

Q A
How do I contact the Scribus Team or find interactive help?
  1. The complete set of the latest docs are online as well being included with Scribus. The Scribus Help browser can search on keywords, has bookmark capability and history. For the online version see: http://docs.scribus.net There are translations of the docs into French, German, Italian and Polish underway.
  2. There is an active and friendly mailing list details here Scribus Mailing List The archives are also searchable.
  3. Find the developers on IRC, see: Scribus on IRC for more details.
  4. All the Scribus developers e-mail details are here: Docs Index
  5. Please do not use this FAQ to ask individual questions, those can be addressed via the resources above.
  6. Scribus is supported commerically by some members of the Scribus Team. Commercial organizations and other institutions are urged to visit www.scribus.biz for more information.

Community and Participation

Q A
How do I donate my to this project? Help support the Libre Graphics Meeting. This is the most important conference for the team.
How should I submit my design template which is going to be copyleft?
  1. Create an account (see Your first Scribus Wiki Article for details).
  2. Upload your file.
  3. Add your template to the list and provide a link to the uploaded file in the Sample Docs and Templates Category.

Curio

Q A
Where does the name "Scribus" come from? When Franz Schmid launched the project, the first working name was "Open Page", but thought to be too generic. Scribus derives from the Latin name of the official writers in Roman times, from which we get scribe or writer. This translates well into many languages besides English. The German word is schrift, for example.
How do you pronounce Scribus? "Skry - bus". Long I, not short I. It is also similar to "Scribe" + "us".

Legal Issues

Q A
How much does Scribus cost? Both Scribus code and the application are free to download and use without any limitations. They are also free to distribute as long as you comply with the requirements of the GPLv2 license.
Some people are not familiar with GPL license. So:
  1. Can Scribus be used legally in a company to produce internally used documents?
  2. Can Scribus be used legally by a company or an individual to produce documents that can be sold? (for instance, DTP documents)
Yes to both without any reservations.

Old items

Installation

Usage

PDF issues

Fonts

DTP

Printing issues

Other

Pages in category "FAQ"

The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total.