Difference between revisions of "Command line scripts"

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With Scribus 1.5.1, the command line launch of scribus enables to start a script in scribus.
 
With Scribus 1.5.1, the command line launch of scribus enables to start a script in scribus.
 +
 +
Some of our daily-routine-stuff will become faster and have less errors, if we can call specific Scribus documents from scripts and hand over a few variables as command-line-args. For example : creating and printing dated letter-heads, or forms to fill for certain staff members or whatever. Anything that is too small or too special for a full mail-merge-setup but too frequent to "do it manually each time.
 +
It could also make it more easy to automate the conversion of a website toward a paper pagazine. There are many usecases and workflows that can benefit of this feature.
  
 
== Calling syntax ==
 
== Calling syntax ==
Line 7: Line 10:
  
 
* --python-script <scriptfilename.py> or -py <scriptfilename.py> : specifies the name of the script to be launched
 
* --python-script <scriptfilename.py> or -py <scriptfilename.py> : specifies the name of the script to be launched
 
* --python-arg [list of flags or argument-names and their values] or -pa [list of flags or options and their value] : arguments for the script.
 
  
 
* -g : No GUI. Scribus wont display any dialogs or windows and will exit once the script is ended. This prevent dialogs to interrupt the script.
 
* -g : No GUI. Scribus wont display any dialogs or windows and will exit once the script is ended. This prevent dialogs to interrupt the script.
Line 14: Line 15:
 
* -ns : no splashscreen.
 
* -ns : no splashscreen.
  
==== --python-arg option syntax ====
+
==== Additional parameters ====
  
This option enable the script to receive additional parameters that tweak its behaviour.  
+
It is possible to specify additional parameters for scripts in order to tweak their behaviour.  
  
This option and its parameters list have to be the last option on the command line, just before the name of the SLA document that scribus opens, when there is one. Other scribus options have to be specified first, at the begining of the command line.
+
Scripts additional arguments have to be specified directly after the --python-script option. The --python-script option and the additional parameters list have to be the last options  on the command line, just before the name of the SLA document that scribus opens, when there is one. Other scribus options have to be specified first, at the beginning of the command line.
  
Possible parameters :
+
All arguments placed after --python-script option will be stored in Python sys.argv variable, sys.argv[0] being the script path, sys.argv[1], ..., sys.argv[n], being the additional parameters placed after script name.
* --python-arg can receive 'flags' (options without parameter) and 'options' (with parameters)
 
* --python-arg car receive options with '-' or without. The script receive the flags and options and their value "as is", with or without '-' as is on the command line. It's up to the coder to choose the name of the options (with or without -) and up to script to parse the received options accordingly. Scribus core developper recommend passing options without -.
 
*  each '--python-arg' or '-pa' can only receive either one flag or one parameter and its values.
 
  
 
Examples of possible calls, with flags and options, with or without sla document opened, with various possible option syntax :
 
Examples of possible calls, with flags and options, with or without sla document opened, with various possible option syntax :
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
# only one short flag  + scribus doesnt open a document (the script itself does it)
 
# only one short flag  + scribus doesnt open a document (the script itself does it)
scribus -py somescript.py --python-arg v
+
scribus -py somescript.py f
  
 
# only a flag with long name + scribus opens a document the script will edit.
 
# only a flag with long name + scribus opens a document the script will edit.
scribus -py somescript.py --python-arg --verbose mydoc.sla
+
scribus -py somescript.py verbose -- mydoc.sla
  
 
# option with value
 
# option with value
scribus -py somescript.py --python-arg verbose yes
+
scribus -py somescript.py verbose yes
  
 
# more options + somescript.py works on the scribus-opened mydoc.sla
 
# more options + somescript.py works on the scribus-opened mydoc.sla
scribus -py somescript.py --python-arg v -pa w 500 -pa h 200 mydoc.sla
+
scribus -py somescript.py v w 500 h 200 -- mydoc.sla
  
 
# -- separator required here
 
# -- separator required here
scribus -py somescript.py --python-arg v -pa w 500 -pa h 200 -pa verbose -- mydoc.sla
+
scribus -py somescript.py v w 500 h 200 verbose -- mydoc.sla
 +
</pre>
  
 
==== Opened scribus document ====
 
==== Opened scribus document ====
  
Some script open the document they edit.  
+
Some scripts open the document they edit. Some other scripts require a document to be opened in scribus previously.  
Some other scripts require a document to be opened in scribus previously.  
+
Also when using --python-script argument, scribus can open a document before launching the script.  
 
 
When using --python-script argument, scribus can open a document before launching the script.  
 
  
 
* when no scribus document is specified, it's up to the script to create or open the document(s) it wants to work with.
 
* when no scribus document is specified, it's up to the script to create or open the document(s) it wants to work with.
  
example : <pre>scribus -g -ns   -py create_square_document.py   -pa side 1000</pre>
+
example : a script that creates a blank square document would be called so :
 +
<pre>scribus -g -ns -py create_square_document.py side 1000</pre>
  
 
* when specified, the scribus document filename has to be last on the command line
 
* when specified, the scribus document filename has to be last on the command line
  
example : <pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  -pa backgroundcolor red   article.sla</pre>
+
example : a script that adds a coloured background would require the document to be specified on the command line <pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  backgroundcolor red -- article.sla</pre>
 
or
 
or
<pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  -pa verbose   -pa backgroundcolor red   article.sla</pre>
+
<pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  verbose backgroundcolor red -- article.sla</pre>
  
* -- separator marks the end of the options and the beginning of the positional arguments. When a -- separator is placed in the command line, the following argument is a document's filename that scribus has to open before launching the script.  
+
* -- separator marks the end of the options and the beginning of the positional arguments.  
  
-- separator is required when the last script option is a single flag :
+
When a -- separator is placed in the command line, the following argument is a document's filename that scribus has to open before launching the script.  -- separator is required when user specifies any python script additional argument after the script path :
<pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  -pa backgroundcolor red  -pa verbose  --  article.sla</pre>
+
<pre>scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py  backgroundcolor red  verbose  --  article.sla</pre>
  
 
== Accessing scripts parameters in the script ==
 
== Accessing scripts parameters in the script ==
Line 78: Line 76:
 
== Example of command line script without arguments ==
 
== Example of command line script without arguments ==
  
Create the following 'data.py' script file :
+
==== Usefull '[https://github.com/aoloe/scribus-script-repository/blob/master/to-pdf/to-pdf.py Create PDF out of existing scribus document]' script ====
 +
 
 +
This is a basic 'export to pdf' script. You can see further below an extanded script that enables to pass arguments to specify all possible parameters of the PDF file.
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
# Produces a PDF for the SLA passed as a parameter.
 +
# Uses the same file name and replaces the .sla extension with .pdf
 +
#
 +
# usage:
 +
# scribus -g -py to-pdf.py file.sla
 +
 
 +
import os
 +
 
 +
if scribus.haveDoc() :
 +
    filename = os.path.splitext(scribus.getDocName())[0]
 +
    pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
 +
    pdf.file = filename+".pdf"
 +
    pdf.save()
 +
else :
 +
    print("No file open")
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
==== The script can also edit the file before saving it ====
 +
 
 +
Here, the script writes into each of the 2 first textframes. It relies on the fact that the default name for the 2 first textframes is Text1 and Text2. Adapt to your documents and to your UI language ! For example in french the textframes would be Texte1 and Texte2.
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
import scribus
 
import scribus
Line 93: Line 115:
  
 
and you have your output1.pdf file created!
 
and you have your output1.pdf file created!
 +
 +
In a script below, we will see how the content to be written can be specified using some command line for the script.
  
 
== Examples of command line script with argument ==
 
== Examples of command line script with argument ==
Line 98: Line 122:
 
==== Debuging script ====
 
==== Debuging script ====
  
* [http://Basic%20debuging%20script http://bugs.scribus.net/file_download.php?file_id=7530&type=bug]
+
* [http://bugs.scribus.net/file_download.php?file_id=7530&type=bug Basic debuging script]
  
 
==== Hello world script with arguments ====
 
==== Hello world script with arguments ====
Line 109: Line 133:
 
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 
# example calls :   
 
# example calls :   
# scribus151svn -g -py hello_or_not.py --python-arg 1 2  # wont say hello
+
# scribus156svn -g -py hello_or_not.py 1 2  # wont say hello
# scribus151svn -g -py hello_or_not.py --python-arg hello you # will say hello
+
# scribus156svn -g -py hello_or_not.py hello you # will say hello
  
 
import sys
 
import sys
Line 131: Line 155:
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
     main(sys.argv)
 
     main(sys.argv)
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
==== Full 'export document to PDF with options for the PDF type' ====
 +
 +
Options have to be valid PDFfile class attributes. Any of the [http://www.scribus.net/svn/Scribus/trunk/Scribus/doc/it/scripterapi-PDFfile.html PDFFile class attributes (as defined in scribus source code)] can be used as an option :
 +
* -version <format> : receives the PDF format value. Possible values for <format> are : 13, 14, 15 etc
 +
* -pages <listofpage> : receives the desired list of pages. Defaults to [1] : first page.
 +
* -file <pdffilename> : receives the PDF output filename. Defaults to 'newfile.pdf'
 +
* -bleedr <rightbleedsize>
 +
* -info <infostring>
 +
* etc see [http://www.scribus.net/svn/Scribus/trunk/Scribus/doc/it/scripterapi-PDFfile.html full list].
 +
 +
Example call : <pre>scribus -g -py export_to_pdf.py -version 13 -bleedr 2 -compress 1 -info 'test title' -file 'test.pdf' -- testdoc.sla</pre>
 +
 +
<pre>
 +
#!/usr/bin/env python
 +
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 +
 +
"""
 +
 +
Convert a document to a PDF
 +
 +
Run with a command like
 +
scribus -g -py export_to_pdf.py -version 13 -bleedr 2 -compress 1 -info 'test title' -file 'test.pdf' -- testdoc.sla
 +
 +
You can set any "pdf" attribute with "-attribute value".
 +
 +
Author: William Bader, Director of Research and Development, SCS, http://www.newspapersystems.com
 +
15Sep15 wb initial version
 +
 +
"""
 +
 +
# check that the script is running from inside scribus
 +
 +
try:
 +
from scribus import *
 +
   
 +
except ImportError:
 +
print 'This script only runs from within Scribus.'
 +
sys.exit(1)
 +
 +
# get the os module
 +
 +
try:
 +
import os
 +
 +
except ImportError:
 +
print 'Could not import the os module.'
 +
sys.exit(1)
 +
 +
def main(argv):
 +
pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
 +
pdf.pages=[1]
 +
pdf.version = 13
 +
pdf.file = 'newfile.pdf'
 +
 +
i = 1
 +
while i < len(argv):
 +
if (len(argv[i]) > 0) and (argv[i][0] == '-'):
 +
name = argv[i][1:]
 +
try:
 +
pdf_attr = getattr(pdf, name)
 +
if i < len(argv):
 +
i = i + 1
 +
value = argv[i]
 +
else:
 +
value = ''
 +
if callable(pdf_attr):
 +
print 'Error: "', name, '" is not a settable attribute.'
 +
else:
 +
if isinstance(pdf_attr, float):
 +
try:
 +
setattr(pdf, name, float(value))
 +
except:
 +
print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid real number.'
 +
elif isinstance(pdf_attr, int):
 +
# Integers and booleans
 +
try:
 +
if value.lower() in [ 'true', 't', 'yes', 'y', 'si', 's', 'oui', 'o' ]:
 +
setattr(pdf, name, 1)
 +
elif value.lower() in [ 'false', 'f', 'no', 'n' ]:
 +
setattr(pdf, name, 0)
 +
else:
 +
setattr(pdf, name, int(value))
 +
except:
 +
print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid integer.'
 +
elif isinstance(pdf_attr, basestring):
 +
# Should this differentiate str and unicode, or will the assignment do the conversion?
 +
try:
 +
setattr(pdf, name, value)
 +
except:
 +
print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid string.'
 +
else:
 +
print 'Error: Could not set "', name, ', type "', type(pdf_attr), '" not supported.'
 +
print name, ' is ', str(getattr(pdf, name)), '.'
 +
except:
 +
print 'Error: Ignoring unrecognized pdf attribute "', name, '".'
 +
i = i + 1
 +
 +
pdf.save()
 +
 +
# start the script
 +
 +
if __name__ == '__main__':
 +
if haveDoc():
 +
main(sys.argv)
 +
else:
 +
print 'Error: You need to have a document open before you can run this script successfully.'
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
==== Edit document and create PDF, using the command line to state the text to be inserted  ====
 +
 +
This [https://github.com/aoloe/scribus-script-sample/blob/master/to-pdf-with-placeholder/to-pdf-with-placeholder.py to-pdf-with-placeholder.py script] reads the command lines options, looks for the value of the 'text' option and inserts the found text in the document. It then creates the PDF.
 +
 +
It uses [https://docs.python.org/2/library/getopt.html getopt] to parse the options.
 +
There are 3 possible options :
 +
* The 'text' option can either be '-t' or '--text' and requires a value.
 +
* -h for help. Its a flag : no value expected.
 +
* -o or --output to specify the name of the PDF output file. It requires a value.
 +
 +
Note it runs getopt() on a subset of the received arguments to get rid of the first argument (automatically added internally by Scribus): ''sys.argv[2:]''
 +
 +
<pre>
 +
# Open the SLA file passed to Scribus, replace the content of the text frame named "placeholder" with
 +
# the value in the -t argument and produce a PDF file named as defined by the -o argument.
 +
#
 +
# usage:
 +
# - create a SLA file with a text frame named "placeholder"
 +
# - run scribus -g -py to-pdf-with-placeholder.py -o file.pdf -t "welcome to scribus" -- file.sla
 +
#
 +
# (c) MIT Ale Rimoldi
 +
 +
import sys
 +
import getopt
 +
import scribus
 +
 +
# print(sys.argv)
 +
 +
text_usage = "scribus -g -py " + sys.argv[0] + " -o <outputfile.pdf> -t <text place holder> -- <inputfile.sla>"
 +
pdf_file = ''
 +
text_placeholder = ''
 +
 +
try:
 +
  opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[2:],"ho:t:",["output=", "text="])
 +
except getopt.GetoptError:
 +
  print(text_usage)
 +
  sys.exit(2)
 +
 +
for opt, arg in opts:
 +
  if opt == "-h":
 +
    print(text_usage)
 +
    sys.exit()
 +
  elif opt in ("-o", "--output"):
 +
    pdf_file = arg
 +
  elif opt in ("-t", "--text"):
 +
    text_placeholder = arg
 +
 +
if (pdf_file == "" or text_placeholder == "") :
 +
    print(text_usage)
 +
    sys.exit()
 +
 +
if scribus.haveDoc() :
 +
    scribus.setText(text_placeholder, "placeholder")
 +
    pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
 +
    pdf.file = pdf_file
 +
    pdf.save()
 +
else :
 +
    print("No file open")
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
Line 142: Line 334:
  
 
Launch script with arguments :
 
Launch script with arguments :
<pre>scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py --python-arg -storyfile sample.txt somedocument.sla</pre>
+
<pre>scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py -storyfile sample.txt -- somedocument.sla</pre>
  
 
'storydeptharg.py' script :
 
'storydeptharg.py' script :
Line 154: Line 346:
  
 
Run with the command line
 
Run with the command line
scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py --python-arg -storyfile sample.txt depthtemplate.sla
+
scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py -storyfile sample.txt -- depthtemplate.sla
  
 
- sample.txt is the text file to measure.
 
- sample.txt is the text file to measure.
Line 215: Line 407:
  
 
except:
 
except:
print 'Error: Pass the story file with the --python-arg-storyfile argument or the STORYFILE environment variable'
+
print 'Error: Pass the story file with the -storyfile argument or the STORYFILE environment variable'
 
return
 
return
  

Latest revision as of 19:53, 20 October 2020

With Scribus 1.5.1, the command line launch of scribus enables to start a script in scribus.

Some of our daily-routine-stuff will become faster and have less errors, if we can call specific Scribus documents from scripts and hand over a few variables as command-line-args. For example : creating and printing dated letter-heads, or forms to fill for certain staff members or whatever. Anything that is too small or too special for a full mail-merge-setup but too frequent to "do it manually each time. It could also make it more easy to automate the conversion of a website toward a paper pagazine. There are many usecases and workflows that can benefit of this feature.

Calling syntax

Options

Various options enable to specify the behaviour

  • --python-script <scriptfilename.py> or -py <scriptfilename.py> : specifies the name of the script to be launched
  • -g : No GUI. Scribus wont display any dialogs or windows and will exit once the script is ended. This prevent dialogs to interrupt the script.
  • -ns : no splashscreen.

Additional parameters

It is possible to specify additional parameters for scripts in order to tweak their behaviour.

Scripts additional arguments have to be specified directly after the --python-script option. The --python-script option and the additional parameters list have to be the last options on the command line, just before the name of the SLA document that scribus opens, when there is one. Other scribus options have to be specified first, at the beginning of the command line.

All arguments placed after --python-script option will be stored in Python sys.argv variable, sys.argv[0] being the script path, sys.argv[1], ..., sys.argv[n], being the additional parameters placed after script name.

Examples of possible calls, with flags and options, with or without sla document opened, with various possible option syntax :

# only one short flag  + scribus doesnt open a document (the script itself does it)
scribus -py somescript.py f

# only a flag with long name + scribus opens a document the script will edit.
scribus -py somescript.py verbose -- mydoc.sla

# option with value
scribus -py somescript.py verbose yes

# more options + somescript.py works on the scribus-opened mydoc.sla
scribus -py somescript.py v w 500 h 200 -- mydoc.sla

# -- separator required here
scribus -py somescript.py v w 500 h 200 verbose -- mydoc.sla

Opened scribus document

Some scripts open the document they edit. Some other scripts require a document to be opened in scribus previously. Also when using --python-script argument, scribus can open a document before launching the script.

  • when no scribus document is specified, it's up to the script to create or open the document(s) it wants to work with.

example : a script that creates a blank square document would be called so :

scribus -g -ns -py create_square_document.py side 1000
  • when specified, the scribus document filename has to be last on the command line

example : a script that adds a coloured background would require the document to be specified on the command line

scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py   backgroundcolor red -- article.sla

or

scribus  -py add_colour_to_document.py   verbose backgroundcolor red -- article.sla
  • -- separator marks the end of the options and the beginning of the positional arguments.

When a -- separator is placed in the command line, the following argument is a document's filename that scribus has to open before launching the script. -- separator is required when user specifies any python script additional argument after the script path :

scribus   -py add_colour_to_document.py   backgroundcolor red   verbose  --  article.sla

Accessing scripts parameters in the script

'import sys' enables to access the command line arguments in sys.argv array. The script defines a 'main' function that receives argv and behaves accordingly.

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main(sys.argv)

The argv array contains each option as it is on the command line. There is no preprocessing of the dash - or doubledash -- preceding a parameter. When you pass '-w' or '--width' you will get '-w' or '--width' (not 'w' or 'width').

See examples below.

Example of command line script without arguments

Usefull 'Create PDF out of existing scribus document' script

This is a basic 'export to pdf' script. You can see further below an extanded script that enables to pass arguments to specify all possible parameters of the PDF file.

# Produces a PDF for the SLA passed as a parameter.
# Uses the same file name and replaces the .sla extension with .pdf
#
# usage:
# scribus -g -py to-pdf.py file.sla

import os

if scribus.haveDoc() :
    filename = os.path.splitext(scribus.getDocName())[0]
    pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
    pdf.file = filename+".pdf"
    pdf.save()
else :
    print("No file open")

The script can also edit the file before saving it

Here, the script writes into each of the 2 first textframes. It relies on the fact that the default name for the 2 first textframes is Text1 and Text2. Adapt to your documents and to your UI language ! For example in french the textframes would be Texte1 and Texte2.

import scribus
scribus.openDoc('mydoc.sla')
scribus.setText('Name', 'Text1') # get 'Name' and 'Address' from database
scribus.setText('Address', 'Text2')
pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
pdf.file = 'output1.pdf'
pdf.save()

Then run scribus as follow:

scribus --python-script data.py

and you have your output1.pdf file created!

In a script below, we will see how the content to be written can be specified using some command line for the script.

Examples of command line script with argument

Debuging script

Hello world script with arguments

This 'hello_or_not.py' script says hello only when it receives "hello" as an argument. It then says goodbye.

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# example calls :  
# scribus156svn -g -py hello_or_not.py 1 2  # wont say hello
# scribus156svn -g -py hello_or_not.py hello you # will say hello

import sys

import sys, scribus

def main(argv):
    sayhello="idontknow"
    i = 1;
    # parse each arguments 
    while i < len(argv):
        if argv[i] == "hello":
            sayhello="yes"
            print "hello world"
        i = i + 1
    if sayhello=="idontknow":
        print "Sorry i wasnt asked to say Hello";
    print "good bye"

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main(sys.argv)

Full 'export document to PDF with options for the PDF type'

Options have to be valid PDFfile class attributes. Any of the PDFFile class attributes (as defined in scribus source code) can be used as an option :

  • -version <format> : receives the PDF format value. Possible values for <format> are : 13, 14, 15 etc
  • -pages <listofpage> : receives the desired list of pages. Defaults to [1] : first page.
  • -file <pdffilename> : receives the PDF output filename. Defaults to 'newfile.pdf'
  • -bleedr <rightbleedsize>
  • -info <infostring>
  • etc see full list.

Example call :

scribus -g -py export_to_pdf.py -version 13 -bleedr 2 -compress 1 -info 'test title' -file 'test.pdf' -- testdoc.sla
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

""" 

Convert a document to a PDF

Run with a command like
	scribus -g -py export_to_pdf.py -version 13 -bleedr 2 -compress 1 -info 'test title' -file 'test.pdf' -- testdoc.sla

You can set any "pdf" attribute with "-attribute value".

Author: William Bader, Director of Research and Development, SCS, http://www.newspapersystems.com
15Sep15 wb initial version

"""

# check that the script is running from inside scribus

try:
	from scribus import *
    
except ImportError:
	print 'This script only runs from within Scribus.'
	sys.exit(1)

# get the os module

try:
	import os

except ImportError:
	print 'Could not import the os module.'
	sys.exit(1)

def main(argv):
	pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
	pdf.pages=[1]
	pdf.version = 13
	pdf.file = 'newfile.pdf'

	i = 1
	while i < len(argv):
		if (len(argv[i]) > 0) and (argv[i][0] == '-'):
			name = argv[i][1:]
			try:
				pdf_attr = getattr(pdf, name)
				if i < len(argv):
					i = i + 1
					value = argv[i]
				else:
					value = ''
				if callable(pdf_attr):
					print 'Error: "', name, '" is not a settable attribute.'
				else:
					if isinstance(pdf_attr, float):
						try:
							setattr(pdf, name, float(value))
						except:
							print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid real number.'
					elif isinstance(pdf_attr, int):
						# Integers and booleans
						try:
							if value.lower() in [ 'true', 't', 'yes', 'y', 'si', 's', 'oui', 'o' ]:
								setattr(pdf, name, 1)
							elif value.lower() in [ 'false', 'f', 'no', 'n' ]:
								setattr(pdf, name, 0)
							else:
								setattr(pdf, name, int(value))
						except:
							print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid integer.'
					elif isinstance(pdf_attr, basestring):
						# Should this differentiate str and unicode, or will the assignment do the conversion?
						try:
							setattr(pdf, name, value)
						except:
							print 'Error: Could not set "', name, '", "', value, '" is not a valid string.'
					else:
						print 'Error: Could not set "', name, ', type "', type(pdf_attr), '" not supported.'
					print name, ' is ', str(getattr(pdf, name)), '.'
			except:
				print 'Error: Ignoring unrecognized pdf attribute "', name, '".'
		i = i + 1

	pdf.save()

# start the script

if __name__ == '__main__':
	if haveDoc():
		main(sys.argv)
	else:
		print 'Error: You need to have a document open before you can run this script successfully.'

Edit document and create PDF, using the command line to state the text to be inserted

This to-pdf-with-placeholder.py script reads the command lines options, looks for the value of the 'text' option and inserts the found text in the document. It then creates the PDF.

It uses getopt to parse the options. There are 3 possible options :

  • The 'text' option can either be '-t' or '--text' and requires a value.
  • -h for help. Its a flag : no value expected.
  • -o or --output to specify the name of the PDF output file. It requires a value.

Note it runs getopt() on a subset of the received arguments to get rid of the first argument (automatically added internally by Scribus): sys.argv[2:]

# Open the SLA file passed to Scribus, replace the content of the text frame named "placeholder" with
# the value in the -t argument and produce a PDF file named as defined by the -o argument.
#
# usage:
# - create a SLA file with a text frame named "placeholder"
# - run scribus -g -py to-pdf-with-placeholder.py -o file.pdf -t "welcome to scribus" -- file.sla
#
# (c) MIT Ale Rimoldi

import sys
import getopt
import scribus

# print(sys.argv)

text_usage = "scribus -g -py " + sys.argv[0] + " -o <outputfile.pdf> -t <text place holder> -- <inputfile.sla>"
pdf_file = ''
text_placeholder = ''

try:
  opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[2:],"ho:t:",["output=", "text="])
except getopt.GetoptError:
  print(text_usage)
  sys.exit(2)

for opt, arg in opts:
  if opt == "-h":
     print(text_usage)
     sys.exit()
  elif opt in ("-o", "--output"):
     pdf_file = arg
  elif opt in ("-t", "--text"):
     text_placeholder = arg

if (pdf_file == "" or text_placeholder == "") :
     print(text_usage)
     sys.exit()

if scribus.haveDoc() :
    scribus.setText(text_placeholder, "placeholder")
    pdf = scribus.PDFfile()
    pdf.file = pdf_file
    pdf.save()
else :
    print("No file open")

Script to print the required height for a text to be imported into a textframe

That 'storydeptharg.py' script receives a text filename as a command line argument, opens it, puts its content in the first text frame of the Scribus document and adapts height of the text frame to fit the text. It then prints the required height and exits. It has to be launched with an opened scribus document.

  • create storydeptharg.py script (with following code)
  • have a sample.txt ready with some text inside
  • create somedocument.sla scribus file having at least a 'Text1' textframe on one of its page (this is the default name for the first created textframe in english UI scribus : It will be Texte1 for french UI. So adapt to your UI langage or rename the textframe using the Property Palette )

Launch script with arguments :

scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py -storyfile sample.txt -- somedocument.sla

'storydeptharg.py' script :

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

""" 
storydeptharg.py : Imports into text1 textframe the content of -storyfile option textfile and adapts height of the text frame to fit the text.
Return the computed depth of the text frame

Run with the command line
	scribus -g -py storydeptharg.py -storyfile sample.txt -- depthtemplate.sla

- sample.txt is the text file to measure.
- depthtemplate.sla is a document with a single, empty text frame.

Tested with scribus 1.5.0

Author: William Bader

11Aug14 wb initial version
15Dec14 wb get the file name from STORYFILE
19Aug15 wb get the file name from the command line
13Sep15 change comment to fit merged version syntax for arguments

"""

# check that the script is running from inside scribus

try:
	from scribus import *
    
except ImportError:
	print 'This script only runs from within Scribus.'
	sys.exit(1)

# get the os module

try:
	import os

except ImportError:
	print 'Could not import the os module.'
	sys.exit(1)

# get the sys module

try:
	import sys

except ImportError:
	print 'Could not import the sys module.'
	sys.exit(1)

def main(argv):

	# The first text frame of the current document defines the style

	try:
		storyfile = ""

		i = 1;
		while i < len(argv):
			if argv[i] == "-storyfile":
				storyfile = argv[i+1]
			i = i + 1

		if storyfile == "":
			print 'Warning: -storyfile not given, checking environment'
			storyfile = os.environ['STORYFILE']

	except:
		print 'Error: Pass the story file with the -storyfile argument or the STORYFILE environment variable'
		return

	try:
		storytext = open(storyfile, 'r').read()
	except:
		print 'Error: Story file "', storyfile, '" not found.'
		return

	try:
		deselectAll()
		selectObject('Text1')
	except:
		print 'Error: The document does not have an object called Text1.'
		return

	try:
		setText(storytext)
	except:
		print 'Error: The document does not have a text frame.'
		return

	try:
		ov = textOverflows()
		width, depth = getSize()
		if ov:
			baddepth = depth
			gooddepth = 100
		else:
			baddepth = 0
			gooddepth = depth
		while baddepth < gooddepth:
			trydepth = (baddepth + gooddepth) / 2
			sizeObject(width, trydepth)
			tryov = textOverflows()
			if tryov:
				baddepth = trydepth + 0.0001
			else:
				baddepth = baddepth + 0.0001
				gooddepth = trydepth
		sizeObject(width, gooddepth)

		print 'The depth is ', str(gooddepth)
	except:
		print 'Error: not a text frame.'

# start the script

if __name__ == '__main__':
	if haveDoc():
		main(sys.argv)
	else:
		print 'Error: You need to have a document open before you can run this script succesfully.'