Entendendo o Scribus:7

From Scribus Wiki
Revision as of 17:27, 12 November 2006 by Ludi (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 Get Started With Scribus 2006
Current authors:   Scribus Wiki Authors
Original author:   Niyam Bhushan, 2004
Licence:   GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
 Chapter 7


  1. What Can You Do With Scribus
  2. Scribus And Its Sisters
  3. Empty, White Spaces
  4. Cover Page
  5. Working With Layers On A Page
  6. Design Multiple Pages
  7. Create Final Page Layouts
  8. Design With Graphics And
  9. Set Fire With SVG Graphics
  10. Publishing Demands Freedom.PDF.
  11. Travel At The Speed Of Scribus
  12. Contributors
  13. GNU Free Documentation Licence

Create Final Page Layouts

Make space for Photos and Headline

Arrange Pages - Document Pages
You've got the general idea of how Scribus creates templates, paragraph styles, and works with text frames and picture frames. Time to design all the feature pages of the cover story. Go to page two. This you can do by clicking on the page icon in the page palette (Arrange Pages in 1.3.X), or at the extreme bottom of your screen, you will see a go forward button, a go back button, and pop-up list in-between where you can choose the page you want to visit.
Click the text frame on page two, and in Properties, in 'XYZ' key-in X-Pos: 65mm, Y-Pos: 201.5, and Height: 48.5mm. The text frame shrinks to the bottom of the page. Note how the text automatically flows to the next page. Link the text frame on page three, to the subsequent text frame on page four, so text flows from page to page.
Page controls

Insert Picture

Select the picture frame icon Button-Image.png from Tools, just like you did for the cover page. This time, draw a random picture frame on the top of page two. In Properties, give it X-Pos: 20mm, Y-Pos: 35 mm, W: 135mm, H: 100mm. Right-click this picture frame. From the pop-up menu, choose 'Get Picture...'. Go to the images folder inside the FYug folder, select the file 'EnterTitle.jpg' and click 'Open.'

Resize Picture

In the Properties palette, click on the 'Image' tab, check 'Free Scaling' and then key-in X:0mm, Y:-30mm, X-Scale and Y-Scale at 32% each. This will shift the photograph 30 mm to the left, inside the frame, and then scale it down to 32% for that perfect crop.

Typeset Headline

Draw a text frame. X-Pos: 20mm, Y-Pos: 142mm, W: 165mm, H: 39mm. Enter the text, "Make Khajuraho More Sexy" on two lines. In the 'Text' tab, choose Georgia Roman 48 pts on line spacing of 42 pts. You could choose Garamond or Times if you wish. Set kerning to -1.0pts. Then zoom in and manually kern the individual letters until you get a crisp, neatly tucked-in headline.

Hanging Drop Cap

If you go back to Edit > Paragraph Styles... in the menus, and edit any existing style, you'll note an automatic drop-cap feature available, for your preferred number of lines. But let me show you how to create hanging drop-caps, and you'll also learn how to handle wrap-arounds the Scribus way. Take the 'Draw Shapes' tool, draw a rectangle, at X-Pos:59, Y-Pos:200, W:19, H:24.3. Fill and stroke this with 'None' in 'Colors' so it does not show. Check 'Text flows around frame' and you'll see the first para of your article flowing around this “empty” space. Next, draw a text frame at X-Pos:52, Y-Pos: 195, W: 24.5, H: 36. Uncheck 'Flow text around frame' for this. Using either the Story Editor or the Edit Contents tool, enter the letter 'D' in this text frame. In Properties, set this to Georgia Roman, 87 point, with leading at 104 points. Fill this with Black. Click on 'Shade' choose 'Other' from the drop-down manu, and type 69%. Your drop-cap is done. Should you want to select the invisible rectangle used for wrapping text, and end up selecting this text frame stacked on top of it, press control+shift click and repeatedly press until you select the correct object in the stack.

Hanging dropcap fyug.jpg Here is a detail of the page, to show what you're doing. In order to display the letter at this size, the text frame (the grey frame with the taller, narrower dimensions) needs these dimensions to allow for space above and below (and note that this required space has changed with different Scribus versions). We then use an underlying rectangle (shown with red outlines) to precisely block out the underlying text to our liking.

This example uses URW Palladio, with appropriate adjustments in size, line spacing, and tracking.


Go to View menu and hide the guides, frames, margins, and grids or choose Preview Mode (only in 1.3.4cvs or higher). Your layout will look like the above screenshot.

On page three, the sculpture picture frame has an invisible rectangle behind it, that wraps around the text. Just like we did with the drop-cap. The captions are just a text frame in the half-column. The generous white space at the bottom of the first column, is likewise just an invisible rectangle with 'flow text around frame' checked. Study the provided FYug.sla file for further details.

Page 3 Freedom Yug
Here is Page 3 with frames highlighted. Note how the caption frame upper right lines up with guides, then uses an adjustment in left border to create a gap (Properties > Shape > Distances of Text > Left).

Notice the use of a frame lower left to create a space for balance.

Finally, while this page used a strategy similar to the hanging drop cap for making space to the left of the image, one could alternatively make this space with Properties > Shape > Edit Shape and editing the contour line.

Gradient-Filled Box Story

Page 4 Freedom Yug
The body text flows to page four. A single text frame in the half-column on the left contains the story and photo credits. The box-story at the bottom is a text frame that is formatted with various paragraph styles. The gradient in the text frame is applied in the 'Colors' tab of Properties. Underneath the 'bucket' icon a drop-down menu with the word 'Normal' reveals 'Vertical Gradient' among others. Choose LimeGreen at 40% as color#1, and CyanBlue at 20%.

The text has a gap of 2.5mm from top, bottom, left, and right of the text frame. This is set in the 'Shape' tab of Properties. A red square is drawn to mark the story end.

Properties: Colors