How to create an e-Mail PDF Survey Form
How often have you ever been emailed a PDF form that you have been told to print it, fill it in with a pen and then fax or post it back to the sender?
….and you thought to yourself, “Why don’t they just send me a PDF form that I can quickly type in the information and email it back.”
With Scribus you can create electronic PDF forms that can do exactly this. In the Scribus Wiki article “Your first PDF form with Scribus” you are shown how to create a sample PDF form and if you tried it, you will have an idea of what is involved.
The demonstration form however uses an online server which is complicated and expensive to setup.
A far simpler way is to use e-mails to exchange the data and the form can be easily modified to change the way the data is transferred. The setup of the Submit Button is all that needs to be changed. Instead of the data being sent as HTML to a web address, the “mailto:” command is used. By using the “mailto:” command, Adobe Acrobat Reader automatically attaches data in a FDF file to an email. This command works with most mail clients used in Windows and Linux.
FDF is short for Forms Data Format and they are basically text files that contain data from the PDF form. Not quite HTML, but a similar cousin. The form's field names and data are stored within a tag set. Characters between tags are irrelevant and don't appear anywhere within the displayed PDF file.
Adobe Acrobat Reader can open a FDF file but requires the original PDF form to do so. If you double click on a FDF file, Reader requests the location of the PDF form. Once linked up with the PDF form location, the PDF form opens with the FDF data in the fields. FDF files are a fraction of the size of the complete PDF form.
Creating a e-Mail PDF form
In the document “Your first PDF form with Scribus” you are shown how to create a PDF form to submit data to a server. A copy of the example file can be downloaded from a link on that page.
You can easily modify the example form to e-mail the data. Open the Scribus version of the document with Scribus. Right click your mouse on the “Submit” Button (Blue Rectangle). A menu pops up and select PDF Options –> Field Properties
Next select the Action Tab –> choose Submit Form and enter “mailto:” with your email address. Do not tick the Submit data as HTML.
Click OK. Now save your document as a PDF and view it with Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Testing your PDF form
Enter some data on the form and click the SUBMIT Button. By answering the prompts and security questions correctly, your email client should create an email with a FDF attachment to the address you specified. Something like the image below.
Notice the difference in the file size between the FDF and PDF.
How to use FDF files
There are two options that I can think of -
1. Dump the data back into the form and print it, or
2. Extract the data into a spreadsheet or database
While Adobe would prefer you to purchase the full version of Acrobat, you can still do a lot with the free Scribus and Acrobat Reader software.
As the data in the FDF file is text, it is easily accessible by using a script or macro to extract the data contained in it. If you Save a FDF file from a e-mail (this is the only way to get one out of Reader) and open it in a text editor, you will the field names and your data with a whole lot of other characters.
If you use the example, you will see amongst other words and characters, the following words
Country Komentarz Miasto Name No Street Submit Telefon Zip
You will notice that this order is different to the PDF form. The fields are in alphabetical order. If you want your fields in the same order as on the PDF form, then you will need to name the fields in alphabetical order.
AName BStreet CNo DZip EMiasto FCountry GTelefon HKomentarz Submit
An example of a script to process FDF files into MS Excel
Below is a macro that allows you to extract data from FDF files. The macro is heavily commented to show what each line of code does. This script should be able to be easily converted to other applications.
Public Sub DoAdobeImport()
Dim FName As Variant
Dim Sep1 As String
Dim Sep2 As String
Dim Sep3 As String
Dim Sep4 As String
Dim RowNdx As Integer
Dim ColNdx As Integer
Dim WholeLine As String
Dim Pos As Integer
Dim NextPos As Integer
Dim StartPos As Integer
Dim EndPos As Integer
Dim recordPos As Integer
Dim recordPos2 As Integer
Dim SaveColNdx As Integer
Dim Part1 As String
Dim Part2 As String
'get name of FDF file
FName = Application.GetOpenFilename _
(filefilter:="Adobe FDF Data Files(*.fdf),*.fdf,All Files (*.*),*.*", Title:="Select FDF file to import")
If FName = False Then
MsgBox "You didn't select a file"
'Set record separators
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
Sep1 = "<<"
Sep2 = ">>"
Sep3 = "/T"
Sep4 = ")"
'set cell row and column where to start entering data
ColNdx = ActiveCell.Column
RowNdx = ActiveCell.Row
Open FName For Input Access Read As #1 'open fdf file
Line Input #1, WholeLine 'Skip first three lines as they do not contain any data
Line Input #1, WholeLine
Line Input #1, WholeLine
StartPos = (InStr(1, WholeLine, "[")) + 1 ' find where data starts
EndPos = (InStr(1, WholeLine, "]")) - 1 ' find where data ends
WholeLine = Mid(WholeLine, StartPos, EndPos) 'capture just the data fields
Pos = 3 ' set start position
NextPos = InStr(Pos, WholeLine, Sep2) 'find end of current record
While NextPos >= 1
TempVal = Mid(WholeLine, Pos, NextPos - Pos) 'Find start of next record
recordPos = (InStr(1, TempVal, Sep4)) 'Go to end of record by using ")"
'Assume the value is in A1, in B1 =Left(A1,len(A1)-2)
Part1 = Trim(Mid(TempVal, 1, recordPos)) 'get data record name '*******Comment out the line below if you do not want data record name*****
Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = Right((Left(Part1, Len(Part1) - 1)), Len((Left(Part1, Len(Part1) - 1))) - 3) ' trim off
start and end superfluous characters and enter in cell
'*******Comment out the line below if you do not want data record name*****
RowNdx = RowNdx + 1 'move to next row recordPos2 = (InStr(1, TempVal, Sep4)) ' find ")" which is end of record Part2 = Trim(Mid(TempVal, recordPos2)) 'get data
'Check to see if data field is blank
If Part2 = Sep4 Then
Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = ""
'Check if Data is Yes or No
ElseIf Right(Part2, 1) <> Sep4 Then 'trim off start and end superfluous characters and enter in cell
Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = Right((Left(Part2, Len(Part2) - 0)), Len((Left(Part2, Len(Part2) - 0))) - 4) ' trim off start and end superfluous characters and enter in cell
Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = Right((Left(Part2, Len(Part2) - 1)), Len((Left(Part2, Len(Part2) - 1))) - 4) ' trim off start and end superfluous characters and enter in cell
End If 'Cells(RowNdx, ColNdx).Value = Trim(Mid(TempVal, recordPos2)) 'Second part which contains data
ColNdx = ColNdx + 1 ' move to next column '*******Comment out the line below if you do not want data record name*****
RowNdx = RowNdx - 1 ' move up a row
Pos = NextPos + 4 ' move to start of next record record
NextPos = InStr(Pos, WholeLine, Sep2) ' find end of next record
'if more records loop again
'if no more records end
Possible Uses for this System
Club membership applications / database Client information database Electronic Survey forms Electronic examinations