Get Started With Scribus:5

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 Get Started With Scribus 2006
Current authors:   Scribus Wiki Authors
Original author:   Niyam Bhushan, 2004
Licence:   GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
    
 Chapter 5
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Introduction

  1. What Can You Do With Scribus
  2. Scribus And Its Sisters
  3. Empty, White Spaces
  4. Cover Page
  5. Working With Layers On A Page
  6. Design Multiple Pages
  7. Create Final Page Layouts
  8. Design With Graphics And
    Freedom
  9. Set Fire With SVG Graphics
  10. Publishing Demands Freedom.PDF.
  11. Travel At The Speed Of Scribus
  12. Contributors
  13. GNU Free Documentation Licence

Working With Layers On A Page

Why We Need Layers

We are going to format the text for the magazine's masthead, the headline, and the subhead. Imagine if this magazine is published in several languages. One way to then produce this magazine would be to recreate the magazine layout for each language. The other way, is to have the text for each language on another layer. Think of layers like transparent sheets that overlap one another. You could hide or view layers, for example: hide the English text layer, and show the Hindi text layer.

Layers Tool v1.3.4

Layers bring a lot of convenience into page-design. For our magazine, I will keep the background image and bands in one layer, and have the text contained in another layer. Go to Windows > Layers. In the dialog box, you will see one existing layer, that contains all your objects so far. Uncheck the 'eye' icon, and all elements of this layer disappear, leaving you with your empty page.

Double-click on the name of this layer, and change it to 'Bg Photo'. Click the bottom-left icon, that adds a new layer on top of the existing layer. Change the name of this layer to 'CoverText'. Make sure this layer is highlighted, so Scribus knows whatever elements you create will exist on this layer. Ensure the 'eye' icon is checked so you can view your layer.

Entering Text in a Text Frame

Story Editor - 1.3.X - click to full size

Ensure the CoverText layer is highlighted in Layers. Click on the the text-frame Button-Text-Frame.png in tools (keyboard: T) and drag a text frame across the MastheadBand. For the moment, make the text frame as wide as the page and nearly double the height of the MastheadBand. Click the Story Editor icon Button-Story-Editor.png in the Toolbar (keyboard: Ctrl+Y). This is next to the Edit Contents of Frame Button-Edit-Content.png icon. A dialog box displays, where you can enter the text you wish to have published in the text frame. Think of the Story Editor dialog box as a mini notepad or word processor for each text frame. This is the second-most important dialog box in Scribus, after the Properties Tool we saw earlier. Type the text: “FreedomYug” in the Story Editor. Then click on File > Save and Exit inside the Story Editor (File > Update Text Frame and Exit in 1.3.X). (this appears as a green tick in newer versions of scribus). This publishes your text into the text frame, and exits the Story Editor.

Make Text Look Beautiful

'FreedomYug' will look attractive if the gaps between the letters are reduced, and if the text fits into the MastHeadBand. The overall gap between letters is called 'Tracking.' To reduce this tracking, right-click on the text frame, and from the pop-up menu, choose 'Show Properties' (this option is not available in scribus 1.4). In Shape uncheck 'Text flows around frame'. On the buttons at the top of this dialog box, click on Text.

Tracking

From the drop-down menu of Fonts in the Properties dialog box, choose 'Utopia Regular' or else Times Roman or any other font you fancy. Make the size: 84 points. Traditionally, a point is a unit of measure in the printing industry. 72.27 points make an inch. In digital print publishing, this is rounded-off to 72 points make an inch. Text size is usually measured in points. Select 'Red' from the drop-down menu next to the bucket icon, which stands for 'Fill Color' for our text. In the field labelled Tracking icon 133.jpg (Tracking in Scribus 1.2.*; look under Advanced Settings in Scribus 1.4), enter -5 pts. Set the value of the Line spacing icon 133.jpg field (Line Spacing in Scribus 1.2.*) to 72 pts. You will find the gaps between the text has squeezed, and the text has changed to the color red.

Note that all of these font sizes, settings, and positioning values may vary depending on which exact font you choose. The important thing is to fit them in the space provided, with a look that is pleasing to you. In particular, you may find that the text frame height may need to be much larger than you expect. Look for a small rectangle with an X inside in right lower corner of the frame that tells you there is not enough space for the text

Troubleshooting text that won't appear

If you are struggling to have your text appear:

  • Make sure you are operating on the layer you think you are.
  • Make sure that the Text Flows Around Frame is unchecked, not just for the frame you're working on, but also underlying frames.
  • Some fonts need to allow for a very generous space below them, even though there is no part of the character in that space. Adjusting line spacing may help this problem somewhat.
  • Note that the way various fonts display in the frame has changed from 1.2.x and 1.3.3.x versions, so a file saved in 1.2.x may have displayed fine, but adjustments need to be made in frame sizes if it is imported into a 1.3.3.x version. This is a likely issue if you import the Fyug.sla file from the website. And unfortunately, text display has changed again in 1.3.4+. Just to be clear, any more advanced version will load a file from and older version -- you may just see these display issues.

More Text, More Frames

FYugcover stage2.png

Use the same technique, make new text frames as follows:

Content Font (or similar) Color
THE NEW ERA OF COMPUTING Bitstream Vera Sans Mono Roman White
STRIKE A NEW POSE URW Palladio L Bold LimeGreen2
WHY KHAJURAHO
NEEDS GNU/LINUX
URW Palladio L Bold Red
PLUS: FORGOTTEN VERSES
FROM THE DIGITAL SUTRA OF INDIA
URW Palladio L Bold Yellow

Adjust size, tracking and line spacing to fill the space as needed.

And While We're At It

Here is an excerpt from Working with text frames elsewhere on the Wiki. You should find this useful when adjusting sizes, positions, and other settings.

There are three ways to change the individual settings --

  1. editing with the keyboard
  2. clicking on the up or down arrows to the right of each value. The keyboard up and down arrows will accomplish the same thing.
  3. using the mousewheel on each setting -- usually hovering the cursor will be enough, if not, click on the value first

Also note that for 2 and 3, holding down Ctrl, Shift, or Ctrl+Shift will alter which decimal place is affected. In addition, when using the Properties window width and height are by default linked, but you need only click the chain icon to the right to unlink them. Refer to this article for more on keyboard shortcuts.