How to create a neon sign

From Scribus Wiki
Revision as of 09:44, 24 March 2015 by Garryp (talk | contribs) (Converted to use new TOC+Key combination.)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is part of the HOWTOs series.
Installation Usage PDF issues Imposition Other
Neon sign with background.jpg
Key
This article uses these graphical conventions
Tutorial template icon window.pngWindow 〉〉 Tab/Panel in Window
ButtonMenuChoiceKeyboard

Introduction

In this tutorial you'll create a simple neon sign.

Warning
This is a very simple way of creating this effect. For more professional results it is recommended that you use either Inkscape or GIMP (or a combination of both).

You'll be creating something like that which you can see in Figure 1, but the same techniques can be used to create the sign shown above. You just need to put in more time and effort.

Figure 1

Specific techniques used in this tutorial

  • Creating new colours.
  • Converting text to outlines.
  • Creating and managing layers.
  • Creating a new line style and applying it to a shape.
  • Transforming a shape by re-scaling.
  • Using layer opacity.

This tutorial can be followed by anyone with a good grasp of the Scribus basics.

Set-up

Font

If you're following this tutorial to the letter you'll need the Dosis Bold font. You can get it for free from here.

If you're not using Dosis Bold you'll find that a medium-thickness rounded font works best. Some of the thicker fonts tend to mess up the effect - thin fonts also mess things up, but differently - and angular fonts tend to look a bit odd, but feel free to experiment.

Colours

  • Start Scribus and create a new blank document (A4 Portrait will do).

You first need to set-up the colours for the sign. You should already have White and Black in your palette but we'll need three others.

Figure 2
  • Choose menu EditColors…
  • Press New
  • Enter the name of the colour as "Neon Red 1".
  • Select "CMYK" as the colour model.
  • Set the CMYK values as: C 0%, M 50%, Y 12%, K 0%.
  • Press OK to create the new colour.

You now need to repeat the above for the following colours: "Neon Red 2" - C 0%, M 68%, Y 25%, K 0%. "Neon Red 3" - C 0%, M 95%, Y 83%, K 0%.

  • OK the Colors dialog when you've created all three new colours.

Figure 2 shows all of the colours you'll need.

The Background

Now you need to draw a dark background. You'll use a classic black for this tutorial but feel free to try others.

  • Choose menu InsertInsert ShapeDefault ShapesRectangle
  • Draw a rectangle from the top-left of your page to the middle of the right-hand side.
  • Go to Tutorial template icon window.pngProperties 〉〉 Colors and make the fill colour Black.

The Basic Text

  • Under the black rectangle - so you can see what we're doing - create a text frame the width of the page and about a quarter of the page height. (This makes sure it's big enough for the large text.)
  • Double-click the text frame and enter "NEON" (without the quotes) into the frame.
  • Click somewhere off the text frame and re-select it.
  • Go to Tutorial template icon window.pngProperties 〉〉 Text and select the "Dosis Bold" font (or whatever you're using).
  • Set the font size to 140pt (or whatever size you want, but make it very large).

Converting the Text

Figure 3
  • Choose menu ItemConvert ToOutlines
  • Re-select the text and choose menu ItemUngroup
  • Choose menu ItemCombine Polygons

The text is now all one shape and can be easily modified. You should have something that looks like Figure 3.

Adding a New Layer

  • Choose menu WindowsLayers
  • Press the "+" icon (at the bottom of the dialog) to create a new layer.
  • Double-click the name of the new layer and rename it "Sign" (without the quotes).
  • Click the "Background" layer in the dialog.
  • Select the converted text.
  • Right-click and choose menu Send to LayerSign
  • In the Tutorial template icon window.pngLayers dialog click on the "Sign" layer.

You've now moved the text you'll use for the sign to its own layer. The purpose of this should become clear later.

The Neon Effect

Now you need to create the effect you are going to use for the neon effect. And for that you'll be using a Line Style.

  • Choose menu EditStyles
  • Press New and select "Line Style" from the drop-down.
  • Rename the style as "Red Neon" (or whatever you want, but make it relevant so you know what it's for).

You now need to create the different lines that will make up your new line style.

  • Press the "+" icon (just under the style name). This will create a new line within the style.
  • Press the "+" icon twice more so you have four lines.
  • Click on the top-most line.
Warning
When editing a line style you need to watch out for Scribus re-sorting the lines by width. This is because Scribus makes sure that thinner lines are always displayed above thicker lines.
Figure 4
  • To the right of the list of lines change "Flat Cap" to "Round Cap".
  • Change "Miter Join" to "Round Join".
  • Increase the Line Width to 9pt. (Did you notice Scribus re-sort the line?)
  • Change the colour to "Neon Red 3" (the darkest red).

You've set-up one of our lines; now you need to do the same for the others.

  • Select the top line again (it's a different one to the last one we changed as we haven't changed it yet.)
  • Change both the Cap and Join to "Round" as before.
  • Increase the width to 7pt (a bit smaller than the last line).
  • Change the colour to "Neon Red 2" (the second darkest).

You can start to see your line style building up on the bottom-right of the dialog.

  • Select the top line again, change the Cap and Join to "Round", increase the width to 5pt, and change the colour to "Neon Red 1".
  • Select the top line again, change the Cap and Join to "Round", increase the width to 3pt, and change the colour to "White".

You've now created your new line style. Figure 4 shows what you should have.

  • Press Apply and then << Done.

You can also close the Style Manager dialog if it's getting in your way.

Now it's time to apply our new Line Style to our converted text.

Applying the Style

  • Select the converted text.
  • In Tutorial template icon window.pngProperties 〉〉 Line select our new "Red Neon" line style.

It's looking okay so far - or it should be! - but it's not finished yet.

  • In Tutorial template icon window.pngProperties 〉〉 Colours set the fill colour to "None". (This makes sure you can use the text over any background, not just the black rectangle we're using.)
  • Drag the text over to the middle of the black rectangle you're using as a background.

In case you were wondering why you set the Caps and Joins to "Round" earlier, see Figure 5 to see the difference.

Figure 5

You could just leave it like this but you'll add a little embellishment that will make it look a bit better (hopefully).

The Reflection

  • Open the Layers dialog if you closed it earlier (use menu WindowsLayers to get it back).
  • Click on the "+" icon to create another new layer.
  • Double-click the new layer name and rename it as "Reflection".

You'll notice that the new "Reflection" layer is above the "Sign" layer. You don't want that; you want it underneath.

  • With the "Reflection" layer selected - just click it if it's not already - press the "Down Arrow" icon.

This has moved the new layer below - or behind - the layer with the sign on it.

  • Select the "Sign" layer.
  • Select the text and choose menu ItemDuplicate
  • With the new duplicate selected, right-click and choose Send to LayerReflection

You may have seen the duplicate jump below the original.

  • Select the "Reflection" layer.
  • Select the duplicated text.
  • Choose menu ItemTransform…
  • Press the Add… button and select "Scaling" from the drop-down.
Figure 6
  • Ensure the "linked" icon (at the right-hand side of the dialog, see Figure 6) is "on" (the links of the chain will be together). If it's not "on", just click it.
  • Decrease either of the Scaling factors to 93% (the other factor will also change automatically).
  • OK the dialog.
  • Manually drag the now-smaller text behind the original text, centred vertically but just a little higher than the original text. It looks a bit odd at the moment but that's okay, there's one more step.
  • In the "Layers" dialog set the "Opacity" of the "Reflection" layer to 50%. This should make things look much better.

You should now have your sign complete with a reflection off some invisible glass. You might need to move things around until you get the effect to your satisfaction.

Neon sign result.png

And that's it. Why not try experimenting with different fonts and colours and see what you can achieve?

Warning
If you plan to export your work to a PDF make sure that you use PDF 1.4 or better, otherwise the opacity - in the reflection - will not work.

Replicating the "Cocktails & Dreams" image

  • The background image comes from here.
  • The font is "Santa Fe LET" (I've no idea where you can get this from, or how I got it).
  • The character spacing needs to be modified to stop the letters overlapping.
  • You need to create a set of blue colours for the circle.
  • The circle needs quite a bit of editing. Try using the "Path Operations" function - cutting with rectangles - rather then editing the circle directly.
  • All of the text needs to be rotated 10 degrees. Whether you do this before editing the circle is up to you.

I did say it needed more time and effort. Good luck!